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What are the four main types of HVAC systems?

Sep 7

Although it may seem complex, heating and cooling our homes is quite simple. The HVAC system stands for Heating Ventilation & Air Conditioning and aims to make indoor environments comfortable.

There are four types of HVAC systems. They come in different sizes and specifications to fit your home or business.


The most popular HVAC systems are cooling and heating split systems. It is divided into two units. One is used for heating; the other is for cooling. These systems can be identified by their outdoor and indoor units.

These HVAC units have an external cooling system that uses coils, compressors and refrigerants to cool the air. A fan is used to remove hot air. These AC units are located outside and are used during summer.

On the other hand, the heater for the heating and cooling split system is located in a basement or other storage area that uses gas to heat the house. This thermostat controls the temperature of the house to maintain a comfortable level.


Although the hybrid HVAC system has many similarities to the split system, there are some key differences. The HVAC system has a hybrid heating system, which can be counted among its unique features. It helps lower energy costs. The homeowners can decide the differences.

Homeowners can choose how they want their home to heat by switching between gas power, quicker and more complete, and electricity, which is quieter and more efficient.

This system also relies on thermostats and traditional ducts. It offers all the benefits of a split system but additional benefits such as conserving energy and lowering utility bills.


Mini-split systems, also known as duct-free, come with significant upfront costs and many benefits that can be tailored to specific needs and applications. This system is an excellent solution in areas that traditional ducted systems cannot reach. It is also an excellent alternative to existing ducted HVAC systems.

These units can be installed directly in the areas where cooling and heating are required. Each outdoor unit can have up to four indoor air handling devices. This unit is suitable for use in hotels and other venues, allowing tenants to set the temperature.


The HVAC package system includes everything, including the compressor and condenser. It is typically placed on the roof or close to the foundation. It provides both cooling and heating for a house.

Because of its compact size, it is a good choice for homes with limited space. It is highly efficient and straightforward to maintain. It is more effective than other heating systems and can be used in warmer environments.

The split system is the most common HVAC system, while hybrids are more popular due to their energy-saving capabilities. Mini-splits are great for those with limited budgets or in the service industry, while packaged heating is perfect for smaller homes.

Choosing a suitable HVAC unit for you will be much easier if you are familiar with them.

If you’re not, then ask from commercial air conditioning company mesa az